Internetska istraživanja i postkolonijalna metodologija: izazovi i mogućnosti

Internet research and postcolonial methodologies: challenges and opportunities

Ana Kuzmanić, Petar Jandrić

Sažetak

Nakon geografskih otkrića, europske države su kolonizirale veći dio tada poznatog svijeta. Nakon pet stoljeća bivše kolonije su zadobile neovisnost – međutim, svjetski ekonomski i politički odnosi i dalje su snažno obilježeni kolonijalnim naslijeđem. U proteklih nekoliko desetljeća, čovječanstvo je stvorilo i koloniziralo digitalne internetske svjetove. Obrazovanje, poslovanje i razonoda prebačeni su u virtualnost, koja se izravno prenosi na analognu svakodnevnicu. Prefi ks e- u riječima e-obrazovanje, e-uprava i e-zdravstvo izravno označava kolonizaciju interneta, a njihov odnos s tradicionalnim obrazovanjem, upravom i tehnlogijama snažno podsjeća na tradicionalne kolonijalne odnose. (Post)kolonijalna teorija razvija se već pet stoljeća, a internet postoji svega nekoliko desetljeća. Kako bi omogućio učenje iz prošlih iskustava, ovaj rad istražuje metodološke mogućnosti za primjenu postkolonijalne teorije u istraživanju interneta. Postkolonijalna teorija i internetska istraživanja su vrlo široka područja, stoga se u radu defi niraju osnovna usmjerenja za razvoj ovih mogućnosti, koje autori planiraju temeljitije izučiti u narednim istraživanjima.

Ključne riječi: metodologija istraživanja, internet, postkolonijalizam

Abstract

After the Age of Discovery, European countries have colonised the majority of known world. After fi ve centuries, ex-colonies gained independence – however, global economic and political relationships are still strongly infl uenced by colonial heritage. During the past few decades, humankind has created and colonised digital worlds of the internet. Education, business and leisure have been transferred to virtuality, which is dialectically related to analog everyday life. Prefix e- in words e-learning, e-government and e-health directly refl ects colonisation of the internet, and their relationships to traditional education, government and health strongly resembles traditional postcolonial relationships. (Post)colonial theory has been developed for fi ve centuries, and internet is here only for several decades. In order to examine opportunities for learning from past experiences, this paper explores methodological opportunities for application of postcolonial theory in internet research. Postcolonial theory and internet research are obviously very broad topics. Th erefore, the paper defi nes the basic directions for their development and prepares ground for further research in this direction.

Keywords: research methodology, internet, postcolonialism

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