Načela kognitivnog pristupa u oblikovanja multimedijskih obrazovnih e-sadržaja

Principles of the cognitive approach in designing of multimedia educational e-content

Željko Širanović, Ivan Rajković, Željka Širanović

Sažetak

Dobro oblikovan multimedijski obrazovani e-sadržaj omogućuje bolje razumijevanje i pamćenje obrazovne građe. Priprema i izrada kvalitetnih multimedijskih sadržaja namijenjenih e-učenju obično zahtijeva multidisciplinarni tim stručnjaka iz različitih područja. Stručnjaci koji sudjeluju u njegovoj izradi trebali bi poznavati i primjenjivati osnovna načela kognitivne teorije učenja s posebnim osvrtom na kognitivno opterećenje, kako bi izradili efi kasan i kvalitetan multimedijski obrazovni e-sadržaj. U radu želimo objasniti što je kognitivno opterećenje i kako ono djeluje na recipijenta te navesti temeljna načela oblikovanja multimedijskih obrazovnih e-sadržaja. Ovim radom želi se istaknuti nužnost poznavanja ovih načela, kako bi njihova primjena uzodgovarajuće tehnike i alata omogućila kreiranje boljeg edukativnog multimedijskog e-sadržaja.

Ključne riječi: e-sadržaj, e-učenje, oblikovanje, načela, kognitivno opterećenje, multimedija

Abstract

Well-designed multimedia e-content should provide a better understanding and memorizing of learning materials. Preparation and production of high-quality multimedia content intended for e-learning, usually requires a multidisciplinary team of professionals in diff erent fi elds. Experts who participate in its production should know the basic principles of cognitive learning theory with a special reference to the cognitive overload in order to create good and effi cient educational multimedia e-content. In this paper we will explain what is the cognitive overload and its eff ects on the recipients, and also specify the basic principles for creating multimedia educational e-content. We will emphasize the necessity applying these principles, whose application together with appropriate techniques and tools will result in better multimedia educational e-contents.

Keywords: e-content, e-learning, design, principles, cognitive load, multimedia

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