Transformacije programa, kompetencije u obrazovanju grafičara kroz cjeloživotno obrazovanje

Program Transformations, competencies in the education of a graphic artist through lifelong education

Mira Škornjak

Sažetak

Tendencija je da se sustav obrazovanja grafi čara što više povezuje sa gospodarstvom, prati što se događa na tržištu rada, da se uoče promijene koje se događaju unutar zanimanja. U budućnosti možemo očekivati da će nam se u radnom vijeku događati transformacije u zanimanjima i radna mjesta mijenjati višestruko. Više je nezamislivo da cijeli radni vijek provedemo na jednom radnom mjestu, koji u nekim državama Europe traje do 67 godina života.Ne tako davno, 70-tih godina prošlog stoljeća obrazovanje grafi čara defi nirano je užim specijalizacijama; slagar, retušer, kemigraf,… knjigotiskar, bakrotiskar,… knjigoveža, kartonažer… Tek sredinom 80-tih godina objedinjuju se zanimanja vezana za pripremu grafi čkog proizvoda u program izrade tiskovne forme, tiskari izučavaju sve tehnike tiska, a dorada obuhvaća zanimanja knjigoveže i kartonažera. Od 1997. godine (Glasnik Ministarstva prosvjete i športa Republike Hrvatske, Zagreb, veljača 1997.) imamo transformaciju obrazovnih programa grafi čara koji su i danas na snazi.

Ključne riječi: obrazovanje grafi čara, transformacije programa, kompetencije, tržište rada, cjeloživotno obrazovanje

Abstract

Tendency is to connect the education system of graphic artists as much as possible with the economy, to monitor what is happening on the work market, to notice the changes happening inside the vocation itself. In the future we can expect that during our working life our work places will go through multiple transformations. It became unimaginable to spend the entire working life, which in some European countries lasts up to the age of 67, on the same position at work. Not so long ago, in the 1970’s, the graphic artist’s education was defi ned by close specializations; type setter, retoucher, chemigraph,….book printer, copper printer,….bookbinder… Only in the mid 80’s the professions pertaining to the preparation of a graphic product into a program of making a printing form are being consolidated, printers study all the printing techniques, and fi nishing includes the professions of a bookbinder and kartonažer. From 1997 (Glasnik Ministarstva prosvjete i športa Republike Hrvatske, Zagreb, February 1997) there is a transformation of educational programs of graphic artists that are still valid today.

Keywords: education of graphic artists, program transformations, competences, work market, lifelong education

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