Dizajn i implementacija radijalnih izbornika

Design and implementation of radial menus

Valentin Solina, Bojan Nožica, Aleksandra Bernašek

Sažetak

Nedavnim naglim porastom broja uređaja opremljenih zaslonom osjetljivim na dodir započela je šira primjena radijalno dizajniranih izbornika, iako su teoretski temelji i prvi empirijski dokazi o njihovim prednostima nad linearnim izbornicima stari više od 25 godina. U radu su prezentirane opće prednosti i ograničenja radijalnih izbornika uz osvrt na njihov najčešći dizajn i neke od mnogobrojnih mogućih implementacija. Na nekoliko primjera analizirana je njihova implementacija s pozicije aplikacijskog programera. Kružni ili polukružni izbornici mogu se razmatrati i kao posebno atraktivni dizajnerski detalji kojima se uobličuje ukupan izgled aplikacije, no pokazat će se kako njihova trenutna popularnost nije samo prolazni hir dizajnera, već gotovo nezaobilazni element u postizanju dobro dizajniranog i ergonomskog korisničkog sučelja.

Ključne riječi: radijalni izbornici, dizajn, aplikacije

Abstract

Th e recent sharp rise in the number of devices equipped with a touch screen has started a broader application of radial designed menus, although theoretical foundation and fi rst empirical evidence abouttheir advantages over linear menus go back more than 25 years. Th e paper presents the general advantages and limitations of radial menu with reference to their common design and some of the manypossible implementations. Several examples are analyzing their implementation from the point ofapplication programmers. Circular or semicircular menus can be considered as a particularly attractivedesign details that are framing the overall look of the application, but the paper will show how their current popularity is not just a passing designer’s whim, but almost indispensable element in achieving awell designed and ergonomic userfriendly interface.

Keywords: radial menus, design, applications

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