Suvremeni svijet i problemi s ambalažom

Darko Babić, Marija Garić, Amra Tuzović

Sažetak

Suvremeni način života zahtijeva mnoštvo aktivnosti koje još prije desetak godina nisu bile poznate ili su bile nevažne. Radni dan, koji za članove suvremene obitelji različito dugo traje, ne omogućuje obitelji da se okupi za zajedničkim objedom. U današnjim prilikama ni priprema jela ne može biti klasična – najčešće se kupuje polugotova ili gotova hrana i na brzinu se priprema. Takva hrana mora biti zapakirana na primjeren način i prema posebnim zahtjevima kako ne bi gubila na kvantiteti ni kvaliteti te da bi do upotrebe zadržala sva svoja svojstva. Masovno korištenje takve hrane podrazumijeva i velike količine otpada, posebno ambalažnoga, što je velik problem za kućanstva, gradove, pa i za državu. Europska unija imperativno propisuje načine zbrinjavanja otpada, uključujući i kazne za članice koje to ne čine. Stoga ekološki zahtjevi postaju imperativ pri planiranju, izradi, upotrebi i zbrinjavanju ambalaže, posebice prehrambene, farmaceutske i one od kemijskih proizvoda i sredstava što se upotrebljavaju u kućanstvima.

Ključne riječi: suvremena ambalaža, ekološki zahtjevi, brza priprema hrane, zbrinjavanje otpada, suvremeni način života

Packaging problems in the modern world

Darko Babić, Marija Garić, Amra Tuzović

Abstract

The modern way of life gives rise to a lot of activities irrelevant or ignored until 10 years ago. A working day varies in its duration, so members of a modern family cannot gather for a family meal. The context of modern life does not allow for traditional food preparation. People mostly eat pre-cooked or ready-made food, which has short preparation time. Such food must be stored in appropriate packaging which meets certain demands and thus prevents quantity and quality losses. Only in such packaging can food retain all its characteristics. Mass usage of such food implies large quantities of waste, especially used packaging, which becomes a problem for households, cities and state institutions. The EU prescribes methods of waste management and envisions punitive measures for the member states that do not apply them. This has led to ecological demands becoming imperative in planning, making and using packaging, as well as in managing waste. A special focus is placed on food and pharmaceutical packaging and on packaging for chemical and household products.

Keywords: modern packaging, ecological demands, quick food preparation, waste management, modern way of life


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