OTVORENE INOVACIJE KAO MODEL UPRAVLJANJA ZNANJEM U HRVATSKOJ I EUROPSKOJ UNIJI

Mile Čolić, Ivan Dunđer

Sažetak

Otvorene inovacije predstavljaju model upravljanja znanjem u kojem organizacije koriste vanjsko i unutarnje znanje u sustavu čiji su zahtjevi definirani od strane poslovnoga modela. Otvoreno inoviranje se provodi mrežnim putem, a razvoj weba 2.0 je osigurao i omogućio informacijsko-komunikacijske pretpostavke za jačanje i rast otvorenih inovacija. Cilj ovoga rada jest utvrditi u kojoj mjeri i na koje načine države članice Europske unije pomoću portala otvorenih inovacija otvoreno inoviraju te koliki je udio Hrvatske u otvorenom inoviranju u odnosu na preostale države članica Europske unije. Temeljna pretpostavka u ovom radu jest da većina država članica Europske unije otvoreno inovira. Nadalje, pretpostavlja se da većina portala otvorenih inovacija registriranih u državama članicama Europske unije pripada tvrtkama, tj. da je broj portala otvorenih inovacija tvrtki znatno veći od broja posredničkih portala otvorenih inovacija. Također, pretpostavka je da se u Hrvatskoj otvoreno inovira u manjoj mjeri, tj. da postoji svega nekoliko portala otvorenih inovacija registriranih u Hrvatskoj. Radom će se utvrditi i povezanost otvorenog inoviranja u državama članicama Europske unije s Globalnim indeksom konkurentnosti država članica.

Ključne riječi: otvorene inovacije, model upravljanja znanjem, web 2.0, Hrvatska, Europska unija, Globalni indeks konkurentnosti, informacijske znanosti

OPEN INNOVATIONS AS A KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT MODEL IN CROATIA AND THE EUROPEAN UNION

Mile Čolić, Ivan Dunđer

Abstract

Open innovations represent a knowledge management model in which organisations use external and internal knowledge within the system which demands are defined by the business model. Openly innovating is carried out through the network, whereas the development of Web 2.0 has ensured and enabled information and communication preconditions to strengthen and growth of open innovations. The goal of this paper is to determine to what extent and in what ways European Union member states innovate openly with help of open innovations portals, and what open innovation share Croatia has when compared to the remaining European Union member states. The basic hypothesis in this paper is that most of the European Union member states innovate openly. Furthermore, it is assumed that most of the open innovations portals registered in European Union member states belongs to companies, i.e. that the number of open innovations portals of companies is considerably larger than the number of intermediate open innovations portals. Moreover, it is hypothesised that openly innovating in Croatia is expressed to a lesser extent, i.e. that there exist only a few open innovations portals that are registered in Croatia. This paper also determines the relation between openly innovating in European Union member states and the Global competitiveness index of member states.

Keywords: open innovations, knowledge management model, Web 2.0, Croatia, European Union, Global competitiveness index, information sciences


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