Tipografija u fraktalnoj grafici

Nikolina Stanić Loknar, Tajana Koren Ivančević, Maja Rudolf, Aleksandra Bernašek Petrinec

Sažetak

Fraktalna grafika već duži niz godina ima veliku ulogu u kompjuterskoj grafici. U ovom radu se umjesto klasičnih geometrijskih oblika eksperimentira s tipografskim elementima. Fraktali su napravljeni na više načina. U nekim primjerima sam slovni znak ili piktogram predstavlja fraktal. U drugim primjerima fraktalni oblik je popunjen različitim slovnim znakovima ili piktogramima, dok u nekima više slovnih znakova u zadanoj formaciji tvori bazu fraktala. Iteracije se postižu kroz transformacije poput rotacije, promjene veličine i položaja u zadanim parametarskim intervalima. Uvode se i pseudoslučajni brojevi koji definiraju izgled i promjene fraktalnih oblika. Također, odabir slovnog znaka ili fonta koji se koristi u fraktalu je stohastički. Algoritamska rješenja su postignuta kroz programski jezik Postscript. Minimalne korekcije parametara u programskom kodu predstavljaju potpuno različitu i originalnu grafiku.

Ključne riječi: tipografija, fraktalna grafika, piktogrami, PostScript

Typography in fractal graphics

Nikolina Stanić Loknar, Tajana Koren Ivančević, Maja Rudolf, Aleksandra Bernašek Petrinec

Abstract

For a long time fractals has important role in computer graphics. In this paper instead of classic geometric shapes experiments are made with typographic elements. Fractals are created in different ways. In one group of experiments glyph or pictogram represents a fractal. In other, fractal shape is made of different glyphs or pictograms. In the third group of examples fractal base is determined by several glyphs in specific formation. Iterations are obtained through different transformations such as rotation, scale and translation in certain parametric intervals. Appearance of fractal and shape alterations are defined by pseudorandom numbers. Glyphs or fonts used in fractals are chosen stochastically. Algorithm solutions are obtained through Postscript program language. The use of minimal parametric corrections in the code results with completely different and original graphics.

Keywords: typography, fractal graphics, pictograms, PostScript


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