Korištenje NFC pametnih telefona u informacijskim sustavima

Ognjen Mitrović, Vedran Tadić, Miroslav Ivkov

Sažetak

2004. godine osnovan je forum čija je zadaća bila razviti sustav temeljen na interakciji dodirom između različitih vrsta uređaja u spektru potrošačke elektronike. Tehnologija je nazvana NFC (engl. Near field communication). 10 godina kasnije, zajedno s razvojem informacijskih sustava, ta tehnologija se budi i danas omogućuje stvari poput poništavanja voznih karti u javnom prijevozu, plaćanja u trgovinama, pristup kancelarijama u uredu, prijavu na računalo, pa čak i stvari poput ispisa zadataka na pisaču. Namjera ovog rada je prikazati rad NFC uređaja i mogućnosti NFC tehnologije, te njezino korištenje u kombinaciji s pametnim telefonima. Iako se NFC može koristiti i u obliku klasičnih beskontaktnih kartica, integracijom NFC-a u pametne telefone može se dobiti jedinstveni autorizacijski uređaj što je puno elegantnije rješenje te koje u smislu prograbilnosti pruža više mogućnosti. Obzirom da je integracija i NFC podrška u pametnim telefonima u razvoju, u ovom radu ćemo se posebno fokusirati na mogućnost korištenja softverske emulacije kartica (engl. Host Card Emulation ) koja omogućuje daljnji razvoj NFC aplikacija, a samim time i područje primjene NFC-a.

Ključne riječi: NFC (engl. Near field communication) tehnologija, Autentifikacija, informacijski sustavi, pametni telefoni

Usage of NFC smartphones in information systems

Ognjen Mitrović, Vedran Tadić, Miroslav Ivkov

Abstract

In year 2004., a forum was established whose task was to develop a system to provide „touch based“ interaction between different kinds of devices in range of consumer electronics. The technology is named NFC (Near Field Communication). 10 years later, along with IT evolution, that technology is awaken and today it enables things like notching the public transport tickets, paying in stores, accesing the offices, loging to computer, event things like printing tasks on printer. The intention of this paper is to show the work of NFC devices and features of NFC technology, as well as it’s use in combination with smartphones. Although NFC can be used in form of classical contactless cards, by integrating NFC with smartphones a unique authorization device can be achieved, which is much more elegant solution that provides more in a way of multiple programability. Regarding the fact that integration and NFC support in smartphones is in developing, in this paper we will focus in particular on the possibility of using software emulation card (Host Card Emulation), which allows further development of NFC applications and therefore the scope of NFC ‘s usage.

Keywords: Near Field Communication (NFC), Authentification, Information systems, Smartphones


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