Dizajn familije pismovnog reza upravljanjem parametrima

Maja Rudolf, Petar Miljković, Tajana Koren Ivančević, Nikolina Stanić Loknar, Ana Agić

Sažetak

Tipografija je od svojih početaka do danas prošla kroz niz tehnoloških tranzicija i „revolucija“ koje su znatno utjecale na način na koji danas radimo s fontovima. Opis posla tipografa se kroz posljednjih 100 godina izmijenio nekoliko puta. Od fizički zahtjevnog ručnog rezanja slova te lijevanja metalnih matrica, preko fotosloga do krajnje kompjuteriziranog procesa stvaranja i upotrebe fontova. Današnja izrada jednog tipografskog reza podrazumijeva napredno korištenje mnogih računalnih tehnika. Ovaj rad se bavi procesom automatizacije izrade familije pismovnog reza pomoću parametriziranih svojstava. Tradicionalna izrada familije fonta podrazumijeva veliki utrošak vremena na usklađivanje mnoštva slovnih znakova, no upotrebom programskih jezika taj se proces može znatno skratiti. Karakteristike poput debljine poteza, širine slovnog znaka, nakošenosti itd. mogu se definirati kao programski parametri te se promjenom njihovih vrijednosti utjecati na sve znakove pismovnog reza odjednom, umjesto klasičnog načina gdje se svaki znak podešava zasebno.

Ključne riječi: tipografija, parametrizirani pismovni rez, familija fonta

Design of parameterized font family

Maja Rudolf, Petar Miljković, Tajana Koren Ivančević, Nikolina Stanić Loknar, Ana Agić

Abstract

From its origins till today typography went through a series of technological transition, and “revolutions” that have significantly affected the way that people work with fonts. Typographers’ job description has significantly changed several times during the last 100 years. From physically hard work of precisely cutting letters and casting metal letters, through phototypesetting to highly computerized process of making and using fonts. Today, creating a typeface means advanced use of many computer techniques. This paper explores processes of automating a construction of one font family with parameterized features. Traditional creation of a font family is time consuming because lots of characters must be visually coordinated. But with the use of programming languages this process can be significantly reduced. Characteristics such as stroke width, character width, obliquity, etc. could be defined as program parameters so the change of its values could affect all characters at once, instead of the traditional way where every character must be adjusted separately.

Keywords: typography, parameterized typeface, font family


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