IZAZOVI U DIZAJNU MOBILNIH APLIKACIJA

Olivia-Silvana Prlić1, Lada Kovjanić1

1Tehničko veleučilište Zagreb, Vrbik 8, Zagreb, Hrvatska

Sažetak

U ovom radu dati su rezultati istraživanja navika korisnika mobilnih aplikacija, te su opisane specifičnosti dizajna u razvoju višeplatformskih aplikacija i razmotrena dizajnerska rješenja kao odgovor na izazove u razvoju koji korisniku pružaju ugodno iskustvo prilikom korištenja. Tržište pametnih uređaja i razvoja aplikacija jedno je od najbrže rastućih tržišta na svijetu. Svakodnevno se plasiraju nove verzije pametnih telefona, tableta, pametnih satova i televizija koji su postali neizostavni dio naših života. Pojavom sve većeg broja različitih uređaja programeri i dizajneri svakodnevno su suočeni s izazovom razvoja aplikacija koje kvalitetno rade na različitim platformama i velikom broju uređaja. Kako bi se smanjili troškovi izrade aplikacije, povećao broj korisnika i pojednostavnilo održavanje koda, aplikacije se sve češće razvijaju pomoću alata koji omogućavaju da većina napisanog koda u jednom jeziku radi na različitim platformama, te je uz manje izmjene moguće aplikaciju dodatno prilagoditi svakoj platformi zasebno. Korisnicima je potrebno omogućiti što jednostavnije korištenje aplikacije uz što veću automatizaciju procesa kako bi u najmanjem mogućem broju koraka imali dostupan sav sadržaj. Od iznimne je važnosti korisnicima pružiti intuitivno iskustvo pri korištenju aplikacija na svim uređajima zbog čega je potrebno razviti različita rješenja za usklađivanje specifičnosti pojedinačnih platformi kao što su navigacija, ikone, razmještaj i pozicioniranje elemenata i mnoge druge.
Ključne riječi: mobilne aplikacije, višeplatformske aplikacije, native aplikacije, dizajn, pametni uređaji

CHALLENGES IN DESIGNING MOBILE APPLICATIONS

Abstract

This research analyses habits of mobile applications users and describes specifics of design in cross-platform applications development. Review considers design solutions as a response to challenges in mobile development that provide a pleasant user experience. The market of smart devices and application development is one of the fastest growing markets in the world. Every day new versions of smartphones, tablets, smart watches and televisions are developed and are indispensable part of our lives. With increasing number of different devices, developers and designers are faced with numerous challenges in application development that will run well on a variety of platforms and devices. In order to reduce cost of application development, increase number of users and simplify code maintenance, applications are often developed with tools that makes them suitable for different platforms. With minor modifications, it is possible to customize application for each platform separately. Applications have to provide process automation for easy approach to all content. It is extremely important to give users an intuitive experience while using applications on all devices and necessary to develop different solutions for specifics of different platforms such as navigation, icons, layout, positioning of elements and many others.
Keywords: mobile applications, cross-platform applications, native applications, design, smart devices


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